By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and possibly the first female to use live nude female models.She was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. Lavinia Fontana (August 24 1552-August 11 1614) was an Italian painter.. At the request of the Vizzani Chapel at the church of Santa Maria della Morte in Bologne, in 1590 Fontana painted "St. Francis of Paola Blessing a Child," now displayed in the city's Pinacoteca Nazionale. She was also the main breadwinner of a family of 13. As confirmed by documents published by Her earliest known work, "Child of the Monkey", was painted in 1575 at the age of 23. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). She also received an academic education. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. The Women's Chronology, edited by James Trager, Holt, 1995. Born in Bologna in 1552, Lavinia Fontana was the daughter of cosmopolitan fresco artist and teacher Prospero Fontana, who established his reputation in Rome and joined Giorgio Vasari in adorning Florence's Palazzo Vecchio. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. She was elected a member… Tweet. Therein she is elegantly dressed in lace and jewels and studying archeological finds on shelves and a table, likely as preparation for sketching them. Born in Bologna in 1552, Lavinia Fontana was the daughter of cosmopolitan fresco artist and teacher Prospero Fontana, who established his reputation in Rome and joined Giorgio Vasari in adorning Florence's Palazzo Vecchio. Fontana was the most successful woman of the Bolognese painters in her time. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was a Bolognese Mannerist painter active in Bologna and Rome. In 1604 she painted her largest work, the Martyrdom of St. Stephen, an altarpiece for San Paolo Fuori le Mura in Rome, a basilica that was destroyed in the fire of 1823. Fontana excelled at the depiction of the female form, either alone or in groups, as exemplified in "Portrait of the Gozzadini Family" (1584), a psychologically complex grouping. Biography of Lavinia Fontana . Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. She was trained by her father Prospero Fontana and was active in Bologna and Rome. Accademia Nazionale di San Luca, Rome 2. She was born in Bologna, Italy in 1552, and died in the year of 1614. US: +1 (707) 877-4321 FR: +33 977-198-888. Lavinia Fontana’s early years are comparable to those of most women artists. Fontana studied with her father, Prospero Fontana (c. 1512–97), a minor painter of the school of Bologna, who taught his daughter to paint in the Mannerist style. Born in Bologna in 1552, Lavinia Fontana was the daughter of cosmopolitan fresco artist and teacher Prospero Fontana, who established his reputation in Rome and joined Giorgio Vasari in adorning Florence's Palazzo Vecchio. Her earliest known work, "Monkey Child", was painted in 1575 at the age of 23. Other articles where Martyrdom of St. Stephen is discussed: Lavinia Fontana: …painted her largest work, the Martyrdom of St. Stephen, an altarpiece for San Paolo Fuori le Mura in Rome, a basilica that was destroyed in the fire of 1823. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. By the late 1570s she was known in Bologna for painting fine portraits, including Self-portrait at the Harpischord and the very formal Gozzadini Family (1584). Features of Lavinia Fontana's art. Lavinia FONTANA (1552-1614) is an artist born in 1552 The oldest auction result ever registered on the website for an artwork by this artist is a painting sold in 1988, at Phillips , and the most recent auction result is a painting sold in 2020. At her father's studio Fontana met painter Giano Paolo Zappi and married him when she was twenty-five. Updates? In this same period, Fontana completed "The Dead Christ with Symbols of the Passion" and "The Holy Family," the latter an undated piece that creates an adult triad of the Virgin Mary and Elizabeth comparing the virtues of their toddler sons Jesus and John the Baptist, while the third figure, a colorless Joseph, looks on in the background. It is known that the artist played spinet (a smaller type of clavichord) and could read Latin. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Lavinia Fontana worked in the same areas as her male rivals, who did not find patronage at courts and monasteries. Lavinia Fontana (1552 - 1614) was active/lived in Italy. Son père est peintre de la contre-réforme très en vogue auprès des papes. He was willing to subordinate his career to her own; he also became her agent. Her father, Prospero, was a painter at the local school and taught his daughter all he knew about the craft. She was one of the first women to execute large, publicly commissioned figure paintings. Her Visit of the Queen of Sheba to Solomon is her most ambitious surviving narrative work. Continuing the family business was typical at … Biography. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. Like Artemisia Gentileschi, Lavinia Fontana (Bologna, 1552 – Roma, 1614) is the daughter of an artist, Prospero Fontana, who had a good reputation as a mannerist painter and a solid workshop in Bologna, before the advent of the Carracci. Art critics surmise that Zappi also painted some of the drapery and background in Fontana's paintings. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was a Bolognese Mannerist painter best known for her portraiture. Artist biography: Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna, Italy in 1552. Her earliest known work, "Child of the Monkey", was painted in 1575 at the age of 23. In 1603, after her father's death, Fontana was a recipient of a rare honor, particularly for a female artist, when Pope Clement VIIII summoned her to an audience in the papal palace. She also received an academic education. The altarpiece adorned one of Rome's seven pilgrimage centers, the church of San Paolo Fuori le Mura, until the building was consumed by fir… She was the daughter of Prospero Fontana (1512-1579), a prestigious Bolognese painter with whom she trained and worked. All Rights Reserved. Her large and renowned body of work encompasses several genres, including altarpieces, history paintings, and portraits. She was the daughter of Prospero Fontana, a leading Bolognese exponent of Mannerism. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. View Lavinia Fontana’s 183 artworks on artnet. In a 1585 painting she depicted Egyptian monarch Cleopatra cloaked in red and adorned with a jeweled hat and veil. Women's World, edited by Irene Franck and David Brownstone, Harper Perennial, 1995. Fontana contributed to the Italian Renaissance movement and died on August 11, 1614. She was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. The work contrasts a bevy of over-dressed aristocratic ladies with the simple demeanor of a saint performing a sacred task. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The city’s prosperous economic and social situation account for the prominent role of women in its cultural, religious, social and artistic life. Son père est peintre de la contre-réforme très en vogue auprès des papes. The obverse pictures her in profile; the reverse depicts her as the symbolic female artist, too immersed in her work to tame her flowing hair. Her prolific body of work encompasses numerous categories of art, including single and group portraits, church altar art, and narrative and historic scenes. Both financially and critically successful, Fontana was a representative painter of the Italian mannerist school, earning a reputation for pose, detail, and the use of a delicate palette. The Lavinia Fontana Study Pack contains: Biographies (1) Lavinia Fontana 1,031 words, approx. Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna, the daughter of the painter Prospero Fontana, who was a prominent painter of the School of Bologna at the time and served as her teacher. Sofonisba Anguissola (1535-1625) and Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) are two artists I didn’t know. Sofonisba Anguissola, Lavinia Fontana and Artemisia Gentileschi (in rigorous chronological order) are the three woman painters celebrated and requested in their days, rediscovered and carefully studied in recent years for they to be assigned a coherent collocation in the art history. Lavinia Fontana se forme dans l'atelier de son père, où elle rencontre les artistes et les mécènes de la ville . NATIONAL MUSEUM of WOMEN in the ARTS Artist’s Biography She was trained by her father Prospero Fontana moreover to was active in Bologna moreover to Rome. Popes Gregory XIII and Clement VIII each posed for her in ceremonial regalia and the Vatican offered her commissions normally contracted to male artists. In 1581 she completed "Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalen" in the balanced dark-against-light style of Antonio Correggio. Her earliest known work, " … She was the first woman artist to have commissions for large-scale and public works as well as portraiture. LAVINIA FONTANA’S CLEOPATRA THE ALCHEMIST 1161 conversion activities.5 These cultural events were probably noted by Fontana, especially when Pope Paul V requested that she painta two portraits: one of the Persian Ambassador residing in Rome, and the other of Fontana’s works were admired for their vibrant colour and the detail of the clothes and jewelry that her subjects wore. Fontana also produced many religious paintings; among her best was Noli me tangere (1581). This worldly renowned artist, was born in the late sixteenth century at a time where women had very little clout when it came to expressing themselves through art. “Lavinia Fontana and Female Life Cycle Experience in Late Sixteenth Century Bologna.” In Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy, edited by Geraldine A. Johnson and Sara F. Matthews Grieco. Artprice.com's price levels for this artist are based on 90 auction results. Lavinia Fontana. On the 24th of August 1552, Italian painter Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna. Biography. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1997. At Clement's request, she executed her most famous public work, a 20-foot altarpiece titled "The Stoning of St. Stephen Martyr," which pictures the pathos of the first Christian to die for the faith. Beyond other women seeking careers in art, she flourished in an open-minded city that claimed painter Caterina dei Vigri as patron saint and which had welcomed women to its university since its opening in 1158. Voir plus d'idées sur … An Italian painter regarded as the first woman artist, Lavinia Fontana was also the first woman to paint female nudes.A daughter of the prominent artist Prospero Fontana, she made great strides in the field of portraiture, becoming famous within and beyond Italy.She was also commissioned to paint religious and mythological themes, which sometimes included nudes. Unlike most female artists of the period, Lavinia received encouragement at home, where her father taught her to paint. Painted the following year, "Portrait of a Noblewoman" depicts a standing female figure holding a decoratively jeweled marten skin and absently petting a lap dog. Continuing the family business was typical at the time. Lavinia was trained by her father and followed his Mannerist style. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lavinia-Fontana, Virtual Uffizi Gallery - Biography of Lavinia Fontana, Lavinia Fontana - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The earlier literature cited in this work should be supplemented by reference to Anne Sutherland Harris and Linda Nochlin, Women Artists, 155o-195o, New York 1976, pp. Even within the responsibilities of being a mother of eleven children, she achieved much in style and work. Encyclopedia of World Biography on Lavinia Fontana A producer of over 135 sophisticated oil paintings, Lavinia Fontana (1552- 1614) was one of the first female portraitists to seek commissions. View Lavinia Fontana biographical information, artworks upcoming at auction, and sale prices from our price archives. In addition, in 1589 she painted the altarpiece Holy Family with the Sleeping Christ Child for El Escorial in Madrid. Son style typiquement maniériste peut être illustré par ce tableau qui emprunte au chef-d’œuvre de Pontormo de 1528tout en respectant les préceptes de compo… She was elected a member of the Roman Academy, a rare honour for a woman. The Art Newspaper is the journal of record for the visual arts world, covering international news and events. Omissions? Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. She was influenced by Ludovio Carracci Characteristic of Fontana's images is the incorporation of textured and embroidered fabrics and rich gold jewelry set with pearls and rubies. 1 The only modern biography of Lavinia Fontana is Romeo Galli, Lavinia Fontana, Pittrice (1552-1614), Imola 1940. Features of Lavinia Fontana's art. The Lives of Renaissance Women, http://www.bctf.bc.ca/lessonaids/online/LA9245.html (January 15, 2002). Biography. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was a Bolognese Mannerist painter best known for her portraiture. Lavinia Fontana’s early years are comparable to those of most women artists. Her family relied on her career as a painter, and her husband served as her agent and rai… Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. Standing before an urn, the regal figure suggests the Renaissance era's immersion in Eastern subjects. She is considered the first woman to carry out large private and public commissions. Son père est peintre de la contre-réforme très en vogue auprès des papes. They didn’t know each other, either. Fontana's work was lucrative enough to support her family. By the time she reached her thirties, Fontana was respected as a painter of devotional art. Her earliest known work, … She was one of the first women to execute large, publicly commissioned figure paintings. She is known as the first woman artist to paint female nudes. Lavinia Fontana (1552, Bologna — 11 August 1614, Rome) was an Italian artist of the late Renaissance, a representative of Mannerism. She was the daughter of Prospero Fontana, a leading Bolognese exponent of Mannerism. Such qualities are reflected in Fontana's self-portrait that now hangs in the Uffizi Gallery at Florence. Renaissance painter Lavinia Fontana was commissioned to make not only portraits, the typical subject matter for women painters, but also religious and mythological themes, which sometimes included female nudes. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. Accademia Nazionale di San Luca, Rome 2. In 1611, during Fontana's residence in Rome, sculptor Felice Antonio Cassoni cast a medal to honor her contribution to the arts. Lavinia Fontana studied not only painting. She is best known for her successful portraiture, but also worked in the genres of mythology and religious painting. Lavinia Fontana, Self-Portrait with the Spinet Accompanied by a Handmaiden (1577). Son père, Prospero Fontana (1512-1597), était un peintre maniériste qui travailla pour le pape Jules III et à la réalisation des fresques du Palazzo Vecchio de Florence avec Giorgio Vasari. She was trained by her father Prospero Fontana and was active in Bologna and Rome. Bolognese painter Lavinia Fontana was the most significant and prolific woman artist of Renaissance Europe. Lavinia Fontana, (born 1552, Bologna [Italy]—died August 11, 1614, Rome), Italian painter of the Mannerist school and one of the most important portraitists in Bologna during the late 16th century. Lavinia Fontana studied not only painting. Fontana was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and possibly the first female to use live nude female models. She surrounded this musical group with a variety of instruments: cittern, cornetto, harp, hurdy-gurdy, recorder, viol, and viola da braccio. Lavinia Fontana est l'unique enfant de Prospero Fontana et d'Antonia de' Bonardis. Prospero Fontana fut également un professeur réputé qui enseigna à Agostino et Ludovico Carracci. Her Visit of the Queen of Sheba to Solomon is her most ambitious surviving narrative work. Of her 135 works—the largest corpus of artwork by any woman from the Renaissance or before—only 32 are signed and dated. In 1577 Fontana married the minor painter Gian Paolo Zappi. Continuing the family business was typical at the time. She was trained by her father Prospero Fontana who was a teacher at the School of Bologna. She is regarded as the first female career artist in Western … Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) Self-portrait- Lavinia at the clavichord. Lavinia Fontana, (born 1552, Bologna [Italy]—died August 11, 1614, Rome), Italian painter of the Mannerist school and one of the most important portraitists in Bologna during the late 16th century. Lavinia was an artist more complete then Sofonisba who, on the other hand, was maybe a more refined intellectual. Lavinia was trained by her father and followed his Mannerist style. Lavinia Fontana August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614 was a Bolognese Mannerist painter best requested for her portraiture. In addition to the medal already discussed in the article, Fontana is the subject of Portrait of a Woman, 1595 by Paolo Veronese (Cheney, et al 2000). 1552, Bologna, d. 1614, Roma) in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and possibly the first female to use live nude female models[2]. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. Lavinia Fontana est l'unique enfant de Prospero Fontana et d'Antonia de' Bonardis. Self Portrait by Lavinia Fontana Source Image. They formed a working partnership that supported her career, allowing her to accept a growing number of commissions for baroque portraits, small paintings, and religious art. Her large and renowned body of work encompasses several genres, including altarpieces, history paintings, and portraits. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Lavinia Fontana est l'unique enfant de Prospero Fontana, peintre de la contre-réforme très en vogue auprès des papes. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. To assist her work, Zappi abandoned his career, kept Fontana's accounts, and tended the couple's 11 children, of whom only three outlived their mother. Lavinia Fontana, connue aussi sous le nom de Lavinia Zappi (Bologne, 24 août 1552 - Rome, 11 août 1614) est une peintre italienne maniériste de l' école romaine. The city’s prosperous economic and social situation account for the prominent role of women in its cultural, religious, social and artistic life. Lavinia Fontana was an Italian painter. As the first woman to be commissioned for public paintings, Fontana earned membership in the prestigious Roman Academy. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. Gallery Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) | All 23 Artworks | Buy Museum Art Reproductions . She is regarded as the first female career artist in Western Europe as she relied on commissions for her income. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and possibly the first female to use live nude female models[2]. At Clement's request, she executed her most famous public work, a 20-foot altarpiece titled "The Stoning of St. Stephen Martyr," which pictures the pathos of the first Christian to die for the faith. Lavinia Fontana is known for Portrait painting, mannerism. Name: Lavinia Fontana Bith Date: 1552 Death Date: August 11, 1614 Place of Birth: Bologna, Papal States Nationality: Gender: Female Occupations: artist, painter. the mother and son from classic mythology who superintend passion and infatuation. Bolognese painter Lavinia Fontana was the most significant and prolific woman artist of Renaissance Europe. She is regarded as the first female career artist in Western Europe as she relied on commissions for her income. Biography of FONTANA, Lavinia (b. They didn’t know each other, either. She was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. Born in Bologna in 1552, Lavinia Fontana was the daughter of cosmopolitan fresco artist and teacher Prospero Fontana, who established his reputation in Rome and joined Giorgio Vasari in adorning Florence's Palazzo Vecchio. Lavinia Fontana. Bolognese painter Lavinia Fontana was the most significant and prolific woman artist of Renaissance Europe. She enjoyed the patronage of the family of Pope Gregory XIII and painted the likenesses of many eminent people. Lavinia Fontana was an Italian Artist. Elle était la fille de Prospero Fontana (1512-1597), … Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. The attention to detail in her portraits is reminiscent of the work of another northern Italian Renaissance painter, Sofonisba Anguissola. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. That same year, Fontana created a likeness of Venus and Cupid, Here is yet another fabulous lady in history, Lavinia Fontana. In 1998, Professor Vera Fortunati of the University of Bologna arranged for the first U.S. exhibition of Fontana's canvases at the National Museum of the Arts in Washington, D.C. A Dictionary of Art & Artists, Penguin, 1976. 4 pages. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. A producer of over 135 sophisticated oil paintings, Lavinia Fontana (1552- 1614) was one of the first female portraitists to seek commissions. Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna, the daughter of the painter Prospero Fontana, who was a prominent painter of the School of Bologna at the time and served as her teacher. After about 1600—when she executed Vision of St. Hyacinth, a work commissioned by the cardinal of Ascoli—Fontana’s work was introduced to Rome; she moved to Rome three years later and continued painting portraits and altarpieces. Sofonisba Anguissola (1535-1625) and Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) are two artists I didn’t know. Desiring a work to grace the grand Escorial Palace in Madrid, Philip II of Spain commissioned Fontana to paint an altarpiece, "The Holy Family with the Sleeping Christ Child.". Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This extensively illustrated book is the first comprehensive study of Fontana in the English language. She was trained by her father Prospero Fontanawho was a teacher at the School of Bologna. She was the first Bolognese female to earn renown throughout Italy. She went to school at Mannerist School. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna, the daughter of the painter Prospero Fontana, who was a leading painter of the School of Bologna at the time and served as her teacher. Lavinia Fontana, Self-Portrait with the Spinet Accompanied by a Handmaiden (1577). Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. In addition to the medal already discussed in the article, Fontana is the subject of Portrait of a Woman, 1595 by Paolo Veronese (Cheney, et al 2000). Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was a Bolognese Mannerist painter active in Bologna and Rome. In 1603, after her father's death, Fontana was a recipient of a rare honor, particularly for a female artist, when Pope Clement VIIII summoned her to an audience in the papal palace. Lavinia Fontana était une femme peintre, originaire de Bologne, qui a connu un grand succès de son vivant. Biographie. The altarpiece adorned one of Rome's seven pilgrimage centers, the church of San Paolo Fuori le Mura, until the building was consumed by fire in 1823 and the painting was lost. Fontana was born in Bologna, Italy in 1552. Fontana proved to be quite talented and continued to excel throughout her childhood. This extensively illustrated book is the first comprehensive study of Fontana in the English language. In addition to her career as an artist, she was the mother of 11 children. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Lavinia Fontana (1552, Bologna — 11 August 1614, Rome) was an Italian artist of the late Renaissance, a representative of Mannerism. After her marriage, Fontana sometimes signed her work with her married name. She was the daughter of Prospero Fontana (1512-1579), a prestigious Bolognese painter with whom she trained and worked. She came under the influence of one of her father's pupils, Ludovico Carracci, founder of Bologna's academy. She is regarded as the number one female career artist in Western Europe as she relied on commissions for her income.